How to Hire a Lawyer
Hiring a lawyer is likely something you’ve never done before. It can be scary and expensive, but the first thing you have to remember is that no lawyer is doing you a favor by taking your case. You are paying someone for a service, and you should expect them to do a good job. In other words, when you pay a lawyer to work for you, they are essentially your employee. But when you have to depend on your employee to help you navigate and understand your options, it is especially important to find someone trustworthy and competent.
Background Image: Towel, El Salvador
Lawyer Shopping Overview
It is worth your time to go lawyer shopping to find who you think will do the best job for you and your family. When any employer searches for a new hire, they don’t always choose the first person they interview. Likewise, you don’t have to hire the first attorney who agrees to take your case. It is perfectly acceptable to talk to several attorneys before hiring anyone. Feel free to talk to several lawyers before making a decision and signing a contract.
Finally, like any employer, you can fire an employee you don’t think is doing a good job. Remember, you control whether or not you choose to work with a lawyer. If he or she does not show up for hearings or get the work done, you can fire that attorney and hire another. Furthermore, you may be able to get a refund on any prepaid money for services that lawyer has not performed yet. However, dismissing a lawyer for giving you bad news may not be the best idea.
The Best Lawyer
Keep in mind that the best lawyer is one who will give you a candid assessment of your case and not necessarily the one who tells you what you want to hear. Furthermore, the best attorney might not be the most expensive one, either. Some organizations, such as Catholic Charities, may offer lower prices to low income clients, but that isn’t always the case.
Catholic Charities Milwaukee keeps an up-to-date list of reputable immigration lawyers. If we don’t have availably to take your case, our referral list might be a good place to start your search for a good immigration attorney.
What to Expect From Your Lawyer
You may control whether or not you choose to work with a lawyer, but you should still have realistic expectations of them. Remember, you are not their only client and immigration lawyers are often away from their offices. For example, the closest immigration court and asylum office for Catholic Charities Milwaukee is in Chicago, which means our legal team travels a lot. However, you deserve to have your phone calls returned and to have good communication with your lawyer. It might take a day or two, but you should expect to hear form your lawyer’s office when you reach out.
Always remember that hiring a good lawyer does not guarantee that you will win your case, but in many cases, it is your only hope.
The first time you meet with a lawyer, you’re going to be asked a lot of questions. Some questions might not seem important, but try to answer them as honestly and correctly as you can. For example, the date you first entered the United States can significantly affect your ability to stay here. Don’t just guess at details, try your best to remember.
You should also know that a reputable lawyer cannot and will not lie for you. Once you have told your lawyers something, you cannot take it back.
What Your Lawyer Will Expect From YOU
Like any relationship, the lawyer-client relationship comes with mutual expectations. You expect things from your lawyer, but your lawyer also expects things from you. For example, it’s very important to keep your lawyer up to date on significant events, such as any:
- Change of address or phone number
- Contact with law enforcement
- Pending divorces, marriages, births or deaths
- Letters that you get about your case.
To encourage a stronger working relationship with your lawyer, be mindful of time. Arrive to your appointments on time, and call if you cannot come or if you are going to be late. Lawyers tend to keep their calendars full, and if you come late your lawyer might have to reschedule. Also, your lawyer will have deadlines with courts and with Immigration, so it’s really important that you get your lawyer whatever documents he or she needs as soon as you can. You don’t want to lose your case because you did not provide your evidence on time. Lastly, if you cannot pay for services on time, do not avoid or hide from your lawyer. Talk to your lawyer and see if you can work out a payment plan.
Questions You May Want to Ask
Even the best and most experienced lawyers do something for the first time. But if your case is something very complicated, hiring an experienced lawyer can be important. You might want to look for someone who understands the ins and outs of the immigration system and its courts.
Immigration law changes constantly. An immigration attorney has to keep up with changes in memos, policy, statutes, regulations and more. As an organizational policy, Catholic Charities refers people only to lawyers whose practice is limited to immigration.
Again, every lawyer starts their career without much experience. But you don’t want to work with a lawyer who is doing things that are way over their head. Lawyers often grow into a practice. It is fine to ask potential attorneys how much experience they have with your kind of case.
You also may ask if someone in their office, or practice, has handled this kind of case. If the lawyer has a more experienced attorney ready to assist, they may be able to handle your case quite well.
Most private attorneys who competently practice immigration law belong to the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA). It provides research materials, daily updates on all changes to immigration law and advisories on how immigration processes cases.
If you are interviewing a non-profit organization, you will want to ask if the attorney belongs to AILA and to the Catholic Legal Immigration Network (CLINIC). It employs experienced attorneys who provide technical support to CLINIC members. We at Catholic Charities in Milwaukee have belonged to CLINIC since the day we opened, and it has remained an invaluable asset to us.
It is perfectly normal to sort out details of your case with another member of your lawyer’s staff before you work with the attorney personally. Many lawyers delegate minor tasks to staff members so they have more time to help as many clients as possible.
You need to understand upfront the best way to get in touch with your lawyer, whether it be through email, telephone, or through a secretary. In case of an emergency, this will be especially important to know.
This detail can be a little tricky. Hiring a lawyer who fluently speaks your native language might make you feel a lot more comfortable and it might make it easier to communicate. But don’t let that factor overly influence your hiring decision. Some lawyers might have great legal experience and expertise that outweighs the fact that they speak English only.
Catholic Charities, like most law firms, has procedures and quality assurance practices in place to ensure that clients receive the best representation that we can give. Most private law firms also have these procedures in place. Additionally, most states, including Wisconsin have established a way for you to formally complain if you think that your lawyer is unethical.
Is is really important that both you and your attorney mutually understand the financial arrangements. You should know what payments are expected and when they are expected. You don’t want to have hard feelings due to unexpected bills.
- What does my payment represent? Is it the whole process?
- Are you going to charge by the hour?
- Do your fees include going to court, to interviews?
- Do your fees include any appeals?
- Are translation services included?
Notaries public in the State of Wisconsin are not lawyers. As outlined on the Wisconsin Department of Financial Institution’s website:
Any United States resident 18 years of age or older who has at least the equivalent of an eight grade education, has passed a notary exam with 90% or better within one year of applying, and has demonstrated adherence to laws according to the Wisconsin Statutes with regard to arrests and convictions, is eligible to apply for a Wisconsin Notary Commission. (General Information, Apostilles, Notary Public & Trademarks)
It takes more than an eighth grade education and no criminal record become a lawyer. If a notary public has helped you and you have been harmed, you can submit a notary compliant at wdfi.org. A notary public is not a lawyer in the United States, and it is a crime to engage in the unauthorized practice of law.
Do NOT hire a referral based on having heard something like, “oh, hire this lawyer… you’ll like him.” Hiring a nice person is great advice if you’re hiring someone to go to lunch with you. But you are not hiring someone to be your best friend, you are hiring someone who can help you navigate the law. Luckily, there are enough immigration lawyers who are both very talented and very nice. Don’t settle for a lawyer just because they seem nice.
Your lawyer must give you your original file regardless of whether or not you owe them any money. The lawyer might need time to make a copy, especially if it is a big file, but that file is your property.
Use our Referral List
Catholic Charities Has Limited Availability
Because our case load is often at full capacity, we have compiled a list of reputable immigration lawyers who we respect. These professionals are good lawyers and honest people. Please consider meeting with someone on our immigration lawyer referral list if Catholic Charities is unavailable to help you.
Catholic Charities Milwaukee offers free programs to help refugees and immigrants understand American culture, prepare for citizenship, learn English, and more.
Refugees coming to the United States must make several adjustments, and often have questions about green cards, citizenship, and work permits.