Immigration recently announced that it has expanded its guidance on the good moral character requirement for people applying to become United States citizens. Practically speaking, these new guidelines reflect what officers were already doing before this update. But now there are more documented guidelines, specifically in regards to whether or not an “unlawful act” will prevent you from showing good moral character.
What does the new guidance about good moral character say?
Immigration states that this new guidance does three things.
First, it expands on what kinds of unlawful acts might mean you cannot show good moral character.
Second, it emphasizes that immigration officers should decide if an unlawful act will stop you from showing good moral character on a case-by-case basis.
Third, this update provides guidance on how immigration officers should make those case-by-case decisions. According to USCIS, officers are supposed to follow three steps to decide if an unlawful act means you cannot show good moral character:
- Determine if you committed, were convicted of, or were imprisoned for an unlawful act during statutory period.
- Determine whether or not that unlawful act badly reflects on your good moral character.
- Ask if you can show some kind of extenuating circumstances that happened before or while you committed the unlawful act.
What is an unlawful act?
Unlawful acts are not always criminal. Sometimes it is just a ticket and you have to pay a fine. For example, the first time you are arrested for driving without a license, it is rare that you would be criminally charged. Normally, you would just get a ticket and pay the fine. However, it is still an unlawful act to drive without a license even if you are not criminally charged.
Other unlawful acts that have an impact on good moral character include your first drunk driving ticket, failure to pay child support, and adultery. Each is unlawful, but not people many are criminally charged for these actions.
It is important to know that you can be found to have committed an unlawful act even if you have never been arrested or convicted for it.
If the officer thinks you cannot show good moral character because of an unlawful act, then it is up to you to prove that the unlawful act is not an indication that you have bad moral character.
For the most part, Immigration was already determining good moral character based on these rules. However, this recently published guidance shows how important it is to find a good immigration lawyer, especially if you have had any contact with the police.
For more information:
News release from USCIS – December 13, 2019: https://www.uscis.gov/news/news-releases/uscis-expands-guidance-related-naturalization-requirement-good-moral-character
Policy alert from USCIS – December 13, 2019: https://www.uscis.gov/sites/default/files/policymanual/updates/20191213-GMCUnlawfulActs.pdf
Last updated: 2-11-2020
Immigration law is always changing. We will do our best to keep our website as up-to-date as possible, but the latest information might be more readily available at USCIS.gov. These pages were written to help you better understand your legal options, however, none of the information published by Catholic Charities Milwaukee should be considered legal advice. If you plan to open your own immigration case, hire an immigration attorney to consult you personally.